Wall in Jerusalem
in Fellowship with Christ so as to Not be Drawn into False Beliefs
"That which was from the beginning, which
we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have
looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life;
(For the life was manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness,
and shew unto you that eternal life, which was with the Father,
and was manifested unto us;)
That which we have seen
and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship
with us: and truly our fellowship is with the Father, and with
his Son Jesus Christ. And these things write we unto you, that
your joy may be full.
This then is the message
which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is
light, and in him is no darkness at all. If we say that we have
fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not
But if we walk in the
light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another,
and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.
If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the
truth is not in us. If we confess our sins, he is faithful and
just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his
word is not in us."
(1 John 1:1-10 Kjv)
First Epistle of JOHN
The similarities between this epistle and the Gospel of
John provide conclusive evidence that the author of 1 John was
the Apostle John (see introduction to the Gospel of John), The
usage of words like "truth," "light," and
phrases like "in the light," and "born of God'
in 1 John reveal the significant resemblances in structure, style,
and vocabulary to John's Gospel.
- It is also significant that John's anonymity is
evident in his epistles as it was in his Gospel (see introduction
to John). He never uses his authority as an apostle in substantiating
his message, but begins this first epistle much the same way
as with the Gospel of John (1John 1:1, 2, cf. John 1:1, 2, 14).
This differs from both Paul's and Peter's writings where they
use their authority as apostles of Christ to give weight to their
John was writing this epistle to believers, namely to
those who were members of the churches of Asia Minor. Because
the letter addresses such broad moral topics, it is clear that
John's goal was to provide direction for those Christians who
faced new challenges to their faith. At this time, there was
an emergence of various groups whose teachings opposed Christianity.
These people infiltrated the church, and there were many who
gave in to their denial of the key fundamentals of Christianity
(e.g., Christ's deity and resurrection).
- As opposition to the believers' faith arose, they
were encouraged to continue walking in fellowship with Christ
so as to not be drawn into false beliefs (1 John 1:5 - 2:2).
The Book of 1 John is believed to have been written in
approximately A.D. 90. There are several ways that this date
can be substantiated. First, there are no references by John
to any persecutions of believers. From an examination of church
history during the first century A.D., one may observe that there
were no significant persecutions on Christians until the reign
of the Roman emperor Trajan (A.D. 98 -117).
- Secondly, if the date were closer to A.D. 70,
John would certainly have had reason to refer to the catastrophic
events surrounding the destruction of the city of Jerusalem and
the temple. However, an examination of the focus of John's epistle
makes it obvious that he is instructing believers concerning
the heretics that were being spread among them, not concerning
some disaster that had come as a result of political events.
- Hence, the infiltration of these corrupt ideas
that the church was experiencing was most likely from gentile
influences, not Jewish opposition. Thus, this would most certainly
place the date of writing much later than A.D. 70.
It has been suggested that this Book of 1 John is divided
into four major sections. John seeks first to warn believers
concerning indifference to morality and sin (1 John 1:1 -2:11)
Next, he admonishes concerning a love for the things of the world
as opposed to a love for the things of Christ (1 John 2:12 -
28). A third section deals with importance of the believer exhibiting
a pure and righteous love, especially when relating to another
brother in Christ (1 John 2:29 -3:22).
- Finally, John reveals that a true faith in Christ
as the Son of God is
for Introduction of chapter: Hebrew Greek Key Study Bible KJV
edited by Spiros Zodhiates, Th.D. AMG Publishers, Chattanooga,