Find in Israel
- Job Remembers
Moreover Job continued
his parable, and said, Oh that I were as in months past, as in
the days when God preserved me; When his candle shined upon my
head, and when by his light I walked through darkness; As I was
in the days of my youth, when the secret of God was upon my tabernacle;
When the Almighty was yet with me, when my children were about
me; When I washed my steps with butter, and the rock poured me
out rivers of oil; When I went out to the gate through the city,
when I prepared my seat in the street!
The young men saw me,
and hid themselves: and the aged arose, and stood up. The princes
refrained talking, and laid their hand on their mouth. The nobles
held their peace, and their tongue cleaved to the roof of their
mouth. When the ear heard me, then it blessed me; and when the
eye saw me, it gave witness to me: Because I delivered the poor
that cried, and the fatherless, and him that had none to help
The blessing of him
that was ready to perish came upon me: and I caused the widow's
heart to sing for joy. I put on righteousness, and it clothed
me: my judgment was as a robe and a diadem. I was eyes to the
blind, and feet was I to the lame. I was a father to the poor:
and the cause which I knew not I searched out. And I brake the
jaws of the wicked, and plucked the spoil out of his teeth.
Then I said, I shall
die in my nest, and I shall multiply my days as the sand. My
root was spread out by the waters, and the dew lay all night
upon my branch. My glory was fresh in me, and my bow was renewed
in my hand. Unto me men gave ear, and waited, and kept silence
at my counsel. After my words they spake not again; and my speech
dropped upon them.
And they waited for
me as for the rain; and they opened their mouth wide as for the
latter rain. If I laughed on them, they believed it not; and
the light of my countenance they cast not down. I chose out their
way, and sat chief, and dwelt as a king in the army, as one that
comforteth the mourners. (Job 29:1-25 kjv)
The Book of JOB
- The Book of Job is one
of the few books in the Hebrew Scriptures that does not derive
its title from the first word in the text. The name is a transliteration
of the Hebrew word 'Iyov (347) which means "the hated or
Although there is no mention of the author's name within
the book, most scholars accept the Talmudic tradition that Moses
is the author of the book. There are others who propose that
Solomon was the author. They suggest that Solomon's vast knowledge
of foreign countries and cultures would have provided him with
the information to write the Book of Job.
- This fails to prove
that only Solomon could have written the book, for would not
Moses, having received the highest training in Egypt, have learned
of numerous foreign nations. However, the main problem with the
Solomonic view of authorship is the time span that separated
the patriarchal period and Solomon's lifetime. On the other hand,
Mosaic authorship is supported by the use of many words and phrases
found in the Book of Job, which are also used in the Pentateuch.
- Another argument in
favor of this view is that the land of Uz was adjacent to Midian
where Moses spent forty years prior to his return to Egypt. It
seems entirely possible that he could have heard the story of
Job there and been inspired by God to correctly relate the events
and conversations that occurred.
- It is generally accepted
that he dwelled in Midian between the years of 1485 and 1445
B.C. Furthermore, there is good reason to believe that the events
took place during the patriarchal period. No reference is made
to the events of the Exodus, and the patriarchal name for God,
'the Almighty," is used approximately thirty times in the
book. The fact that Job acted as the priest for his family (Job
1:5) implies that the Mosaic Law had not yet been given. The
length of Job's life (Job 42:16) is comparable to those living
during the time of the patriarchs (Gen. 25:7; 35:28).
The Book of Job is the first of the so-called Poetical
Books of the Bible. The truth is, however, that poetry is found
throughout the Old Testament. For example, it is used in blessings
and cursings (Gen. 49:2 -27), in certain historical accounts
(Ex. 15:1 -18), and in dirges (2 Sam. 1:19 -27).
- The poetry of the Old
Testament is very different from modern poetry. It involves not
the rhyming of sounds, but the "rhyming" of thoughts
or ideas. This characteristic of Hebrew poetry is now called
parallelism. For the most part, parallelism may either be antithetical
(where the thoughts are opposite to one another, Prov. 10:1,
7) or synonymous (where the thoughts are the same as or similar
to one another, Ps. 24:1). Or Since rhymes of sound are difficult,
if not impossible, to carry over in translation, the appreciation
of English poetry is limited to those who know the language.
On the other hand, the beauty of the "thought-rhythm"
of Hebrew poetry may be carried over into any language.
The Book of Job is a beautiful example of Hebrew poetry,
though in fact not all of the book is poetic in form. The prologue
(chaps. 1; 2) and the epilogue (Job 42:7-16) are written in prose.
The drama of Job's suffering, the majestic style, and the nature
of the discussions have helped to make Job universally accepted
as a literary masterpiece.
The purpose of the book is to show the unfathomable wisdom
of God's providence, and and the benevolence of God even in the
trials brought upon His children. It also explains why God allows
righteous people to suffer: to expose their frailty and sinfulness,
to strengthen their faith, and to purify them. The spiritual
perspective of the account and the fact that God exercised total
control over Satan promotes complete trust in God.
Throughout the book, Job's friends relentlessly accused
him of committing some great sin. Although he questioned God's
actions in the midst of these onslaughts, it should not be assumed
that his queries were motivated by a resentful, self-seeking
attitude. On the contrary, they confirm his determination to
hold on to his faith in God despite the circumstances that providence
had brought upon him. [Source for Introduction of chapter:
Hebrew Greek Key Study Bible KJV edited by Spiros Zodhiates,
Th.D. AMG Publishers, Chattanooga, TN 37422]