The Book of JEREMIAH
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The Fall of Jerusalem and the Destruction of the Temple

And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon came, he and all his army, against Jerusalem, and pitched against it, and built forts against it round about. So the city was besieged unto the eleventh year of king Zedekiah. And in the fourth month, in the ninth day of the month, the famine was sore in the city, so that there was no bread for the people of the land.

Then the city was broken up, and all the men of war fled, and went forth out of the city by night by the way of the gate between the two walls, which was by the king's garden; (now the Chaldeans were by the city round about:) and they went by the way of the plain. But the army of the Chaldeans pursued after the king, and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho; and all his army was scattered from him.

Then they took the king, and carried him up unto the king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath; where he gave judgment upon him. And the king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes: he slew also all the princes of Judah in Riblah.

Then he put out the eyes of Zedekiah; and the king of Babylon bound him in chains, and carried him to Babylon, and put him in prison till the day of his death. Now in the fifth month, in the tenth day of the month, which was the nineteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, which served the king of Babylon, into Jerusalem, And burned the house of the LORD, and the king's house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, and all the houses of the great men, burned he with fire: And all the army of the Chaldeans, that were with the captain of the guard, brake down all the walls of Jerusalem round about.

Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive certain of the poor of the people, and the residue of the people that remained in the city, and those that fell away, that fell to the king of Babylon, and the rest of the multitude. But Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard left certain of the poor of the land for vinedressers and for husbandmen. Also the pillars of brass that were in the house of the LORD, and the bases, and the brasen sea that was in the house of the LORD, the Chaldeans brake, and carried all the brass of them to Babylon.

The caldrons also, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the bowls, and the spoons, and all the vessels of brass wherewith they ministered, took they away. And the basons, and the firepans, and the bowls, and the caldrons, and the candlesticks, and the spoons, and the cups; that which was of gold in gold, and that which was of silver in silver, took the captain of the guard away. The two pillars, one sea, and twelve brasen bulls that were under the bases, which king Solomon had made in the house of the LORD: the brass of all these vessels was without weight.

And concerning the pillars, the height of one pillar was eighteen cubits; and a fillet of twelve cubits did compass it; and the thickness thereof was four fingers: it was hollow. And a chapiter of brass was upon it; and the height of one chapiter was five cubits, with network and pomegranates upon the chapiters round about, all of brass. The second pillar also and the pomegranates were like unto these.

And there were ninety and six pomegranates on a side; and all the pomegranates upon the network were an hundred round about. And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door: He took also out of the city an eunuch, which had the charge of the men of war; and seven men of them that were near the king's person, which were found in the city; and the principal scribe of the host, who mustered the people of the land; and threescore men of the people of the land, that were found in the midst of the city.

So Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard took them, and brought them to the king of Babylon to Riblah. And the king of Babylon smote them, and put them to death in Riblah in the land of Hamath. Thus Judah was carried away captive out of his own land. This is the people whom Nebuchadrezzar carried away captive: in the seventh year three thousand Jews and three and twenty: In the eighteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar he carried away captive from Jerusalem eight hundred thirty and two persons:

In the three and twentieth year of Nebuchadrezzar Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive of the Jews seven hundred forty and five persons: all the persons were four thousand and six hundred. And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, in the five and twentieth day of the month, that Evilmerodach king of Babylon in the first year of his reign lifted up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah, and brought him forth out of prison,

And spake kindly unto him, and set his throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Babylon, And changed his prison garments: and he did continually eat bread before him all the days of his life. And for his diet, there was a continual diet given him of the king of Babylon, every day a portion until the day of his death, all the days of his life. (Jeremiah 52:4-34 KJV)


The Book of JEREMIAH

The name Jeremiah means "whom Jehovah has appointed." He was appointed a prophet before his birth (Jer. 1:5, cf. Paul's statement about his own call in Gal. 1:15, 16). In God's touching Jeremiah's mouth to giving His message to him (Jer. 1:9), one is reminded of Isaiah's call (Is. 6:6, 7). His complaint of lack of ability (Jer. 1:6) is similar to Moses' words (Ex. 4:10).

Jeremiah's ministry extended from 627 B.C. until after the fall of Jerusalem in 586 B.C., a period of roughly fifty years (Jer. 1:2; 25:3). He stated that his message was primarily one of judgment upon Judah for its shameful and persistent sins (Jer.1:10). Moreover, Jeremiah encouraged the people to submit to Babylon to avoid further bloodshed (Jer. 27:1 -17). This message was hardly popular with the inhabitants or their rulers, and often Jeremiah's life was in jeopardy (Jer. 26:1 -24; 37:1 -38:13).

There is archaeological confirmation of the people's opinion concerning Jeremiah's message "Lachish Letters." These are pottery fragments used as "scratch paper" by the defenders of Lachish against Babylon. The people of Lachish criticized the defeatism induced by "the the prophet" in Jerusalem, who can hardly be any but Jeremiah. These external circumstances sadness of his message, coupled with Jeremiah's own periodic depression, contributed to the style with which Jeremiah wrote (Jer. 4:19 -22; 20:7 -18). For this reason he is called the "weeping prophet."

Nonetheless, Jeremiah also received some of the great visions of promise: the return from captivity (chaps. 25, 29); the New Covenant (chap. 31); and the ultimate return of the Messiah to Jerusalem (chap. 23). The Book of Jeremiah is not arranged in chronological order, but is grouped according to subjects: God's dealings with His people (chaps. 1 -45); God's dealings with foreign nations (chaps. 46 -51); and the destruction of Jerusalem and the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple (chap. 52).

Some would suggest that Jeremiah is a type of Christ. He was accused of political treason, as was Christ, and was tried, persecuted, and imprisoned for the words he had spoken (Jer.11:18-.23; 20:1-6, cf. Mark 14:53 -65). In addition to this, Jeremiah and Christ both foretold and wept over the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem (Jer. 22:5 -7, cf. Matt. 23:37 -39).Furthermore, each was rejected by his own people (Jer. 20:1 -3; 36:32, cf. John 1:11).
[Source for Introduction of chapter: Hebrew Greek Key Study Bible KJV edited by Spiros Zodhiates, Th.D. AMG Publishers, Chattanooga, TN 37422]

Jeremiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Jeremiah 3
Jeremiah 4
Jeremiah 5
Jeremiah 6
Jeremiah 7
Jeremiah 8
Jeremiah 9
Jeremiah 10
Jeremiah 11
Jeremiah 12
Jeremiah 13
Jeremiah 14
Jeremiah 15
Jeremiah 16
Jeremiah 17
Jeremiah 18
Jeremiah 19
Jeremiah 20
Jeremiah 21
Jeremiah 22
Jeremiah 23
Jeremiah 24
Jeremiah 25
Jeremiah 26
Jeremiah 27
Jeremiah 28
Jeremiah 29
Jeremiah 30
Jeremiah 31
Jeremiah 32
Jeremiah 33
Jeremiah 34
Jeremiah 35
Jeremiah 36
Jeremiah 37
Jeremiah 38
Jeremiah 39
Jeremiah 40
Jeremiah 41
Jeremiah 42
Jeremiah 43
Jeremiah 44
Jeremiah 45
Jeremiah 46
Jeremiah 47
Jeremiah 48
Jeremiah 49
Jeremiah 50
Jeremiah 51
Jeremiah 52
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